|Clomid (Clomiphene Citrate or Serophene)
is an oral tablet commonly used to treat ovulatory problems. It acts
by signaling the brain to trigger release of the hormones responsible
for development and release of the egg.
||Fertinex is an injectable drug given
subcutaneously (SUB Q) or intramuscular (IM). It contains the hormone
FSH which is responsible for stimulating follicle growth.
|Follistim or Gonal-F
||Follistim or Gonal-F are drugs given
by intramuscular (IM) injection. They contain only purified FSH and
are derived from recombinant DNA technology.
||Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) is
an injectable drug which mimics the LH surge. This injection may be
given in place of or in addition to your LH surge to improve the quality
of your ovulation.
||A special x-ray procedure that is performed
to determine if the fallopian tubes are open or if uterine abnormalities
||The procedure where either a prepped
sample of the husband's sperm (or donor sperm if indicated) is introduced
into the woman's uterus at the time of ovulation.
||In vitro fertilization involves stimulation
of multiple egg development in the woman's ovaries with ovulation-inducing
medication, monitoring with sonar and blood tests, followed by transvaginal
egg retrieval using mild sedation. Eggs and sperm are combined in
the laboratory followed by transfer of 3 to 4 resulting embryos to
the woman's uterus through the cervix.
||Lupron is a synthetic analog of naturally
occurring gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH). GnRH stimulates the
release of FSH and LH which cause follicular maturation and egg release.
This, in turn, causes estrogen and Progesterone production in the
female. Lupron possesses greater potency than GnRH and inhibits its
release. This ceases the production of FSH and LH and, therefore,
decreases the estrogen and Progesterone level.
||Samples of cervical mucus are obtained
following an LH surge and after intercourse to measure the ability
of the sperm to move in the mucous.
Genetic Diagnosis (PGD)
||PGD involves genetic testing of embryos
in couples undergoing in vitro
||Progesterone acts directly on the lining
of the uterus to enhance its integrity. This helps prevent uterine
contractions and bleeding. It is indicated for a luteal phase defect,
a history of spontaneous miscarriages, or episodes of bleeding during
pregnancy. It is administered by intramuscular injection, vaginal
suppository or vaginal capsule. Progesterone support is routinely
prescribed after several types of infertility treatment, such as IVF
and gonadotropin therapy.
|| Repronex (or Human Menopausal Gonadotropin
[HMG]) is an
drug used to stimulate ovulation.
the hormones FSH and LH which are responsible for stimulating the
growth and maturation of ovarian follicle and eggs.
||A semen sample is analyzed in the laboratory
to determine the number of sperm present, their motility and structure.
||This procedure is one that is performed
in our office by placing a saline liquid into the uterine cavity for
evaluation during ultrasound.
||Sperm antibodies occur when you or your
husband have an allergy to sperm. Antibodies can then be found in
the blood or in semen.
Penetration Assay (SPA)or Hamster Egg Penetration Test (HEPT)
||A laboratory test which assesses the
ability of the sperm to penetrate specially prepared hamster test
eggs and correlates with the ability to penetrate human eggs. This
is often called the Hamster Test.
||Several procedures used in
conjunction to monitor the reproduction process for a couple. It generally
involves using an ovulation monitoring kit to determine when ovulation
is likely to occur, followed by an ultrasound scan to detect the egg
sac formation after the surge, as well as checking hormonal blood
levels. A Post-Coital Test is conducted within 24 hours of a surge.